The centenary of the birth of Andrei Sakharov

Andrei Sakharov (1921-1989) - is the co-inventor of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, who, seeing the effects of nuclear testing, became an opponent of nuclear weapons. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his extensive human rights work. To honor the actions of the Russian activist, the European Parliament established the prize for individuals, groups and organizations that have made outstanding contributions to the defense of freedom of thought. In more than 30 years, the Sakharov Prize has honored 44 recipients.

The laureates of the prize include dissidents, political leaders, journalists, lawyers, civil society activists, writers, mothers, wives, minority leaders, a group fighting against terrorism, peace activists, an activist involved in the fight against torture, a cartoonist, long-term prisoners of conscience, a film director, the United Nations, and even a teenager fighting for the right to education.

As part of the project, in the coming months we will be introducing you to both the winners and the nominees of the Sakharov Prize.


The project is co-funded by the European Union under the European Parliament's grant scheme in the field of communication. The European Parliament has not been involved in the preparation of the material; the information provided is not binding on the European Parliament and the European Parliament accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information and positions expressed within the framework of the project, which, according to the applicable rules, remain the sole responsibility of the organisers. Neither may the European Parliament be held liable for direct or indirect damage which may result from the implementation of the project.